Anyone within 800 m of the source of the explosion is killed instantly with a 90% probability, and within 3200 m with a 50% probability. How do you escape radiation after a nuclear explosion? It spreads very quickly: if you are within ten kilometers of the explosion site, you have a few minutes to find shelter. So run. Try not to look at the source of the explosion – you risk going blind. It is advisable not to cover your mouth because the sounds accompanying the nuclear blast are likely to rupture your eardrums.
Here are 8 tips to help you survive a nuclear strike.
If you have a well-equipped room deep underground, it is better not to go to the surface for several months. There should be everything you need for life: clean water, food, medicines. You should remember what is included in the anti-radiation first aid kit:
- Ondansetron – an antiemetic that eliminates nausea, necessary to combat the main manifestations of the primary reaction in radiation exposure.
- Potassium iodide – to prevent accumulation of radioactive iodine in the thyroid gland.
- Radiogardas – for the prevention of accumulation in the body and acceleration of excretion of radioisotopes of cesium and rubidium.
If you do not have a special room, but you were able to find a temporary shelter from radiation, it is worth staying there until the second wave of radiation subsides and the radiation rain passes several times. It should be at least a few days, and preferably a month. Only after that can you decide whether you and your family should leave the shelter.
If a nuclear explosion caught you in an ordinary basement, you should not worry. In this case, it is very important to act clearly and coherently. Quickly close all cracks and doors (preferably with iron sheets) and stay in the basement for the next two or three days. It will not save you from radiation, but you will be able to wait out the radioactive rain and dust.
It is very important to stay together in the event of a nuclear explosion, as no one will survive alone. Gather up all the food and water that people around you have and divide it into equal small portions for everyone.
To minimize waste, it’s best not to eat anything on the first day after a nuclear explosion. It’s also a good idea to immediately create a separate area in the basement or temporary shelter where everyone will get their natural needs met.
If you wait out the first few days in the basement and decide to leave the shelter and move to a safer place, you should do so downwind (i.e. with the wind blowing against your back). Also, be sure to cover your lower face with a damp cloth, so you inhale less radioactive food and save your lungs.
Don’t forget to bring long-sleeved and hooded clothing, a small supply of food (all of which should remain in a sealed container), a respirator (gas mask if possible), gloves, rubber boots, and safety glasses. When you get to a safe place, don’t forget to take it all off carefully, without touching your bare skin.
The kill zone extends for at least three to five kilometers, which is how far you will need to walk. During your journey, do not touch other objects with your bare hands, even the regular ground.